Learn more about the history, foundations, and applications of fuzzy logic in this comprehensive resource by an academic leader Introduction to Fuzzy Logic delivers a high-level but accessible introduction to the rapidly growing and evolving field of fuzzy logic and its applications. Distinguished engineer, academic, and author James K. Peckol covers a wide variety of practical topics, including the differences between crisp and fuzzy logic, the people and professions who find fuzzy logic useful, and the advantages of using fuzzy logic. While the book assumes a solid foundation in embedded systems, including basic logic design, and C/C++ programming, it is written in a practical and easy-to-read style that engages the reader and assists in learning and retention. The author includes introductions of threshold and perceptron logic to further enhance the applicability of the material contained within. After introducing readers to the topic with a brief description of the history and development of the field, Introduction to Fuzzy Logic goes on to discuss a wide variety of foundational and advanced topics, like: A review of Boolean algebra, including logic minimization with algebraic means and Karnaugh maps A discussion of crisp sets, including classic set membership, set theory and operations, and basic classical crisp set properties A discussion of fuzzy sets, including the foundations of fuzzy sets logic, set membership functions, and fuzzy set properties An analysis of fuzzy inference and approximate reasoning, along with the concepts of containment and entailment and relations between fuzzy subsets Perfect for mid-level and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in electrical, mechanical, and computer engineering courses, Introduction to Fuzzy Logic covers topics included in many artificial intelligence, computational intelligence, and soft computing courses. Math students and professionals in a wide variety of fields will also significantly benefit from the material covered in this book.
What does a feminist urban theory look like for the twenty first century? This book puts knowledges of feminist urban scholars, feminist scholars of social reproduction, and other urban theorists into conversation to propose an approach to the urban that recognises social reproduction both as foundational to urban transformations and as a methodological entry-point for urban studies. Offers an approach feminist urban theory that remains intentionally cautious of universal uses of social reproduction theory, instead focusing analytical attention on historical contingency and social difference Eleven chapters that collectively address distinct elements of the contemporary crisis in social reproduction and the urban through the lenses of infrastructure and subjectivity formation as well as through feminist efforts to decolonize urban knowledge production Deepens understandings of how people shape and reshape the spatial forms of their everyday lives, furthering understandings of the 'infinite variety' of the urban Essential reading for academics, researchers and scholars within urban studies, human geography, gender and sexuality studies, and sociology
Theoretical basis and practical aspects of the environmental, engineering, geologic, archaeologic, mining, and small to large scale area mapping applications discussed in context of various electromagnetic methods The shallow part of the subsoil, either natural as well as urban or industrial, is impacted by a large number of interactions and interferences on a daily basis, worldwide, because of anthropogenic activities. Excavations, trenching and digging for building constructions, road maintenance, archaeological, urban development, forensic, cavity search, ore bodies search, geological, geotechnical and engineering purposes are conducted every day all over the world. The a-priori knowledge of the subsoil is often poor or non-existing, hence the need for (non-destructive) techniques for the enhancement of the model of the soil, prior to excavation. There are several geophysical techniques whose deployment aims at defining such models, and many of them, for their implementation on site, makes use of sensors to be coupled with the soil (embedded, like geophones for seismic refraction and reflection, or electrodes for Electrical resistivity methods). One of the main advantages of the whole family of the Electromagnetic (EM) methods is because they do not make use of any embedded sensor, fixed on top of the soil surface. This makes the technique fast, non-destructive, and highly productive from the data acquisition point of view. The applicability of the "EM family" methods is rather wide, and ranges from utility mapping, to cavity detection, pollutants search, UXO search, Volcanogenic Massive Sulphides (VMS) search, geotechnical engineering applications and so on. The dimension of the areas that can be covered varies from a few squared meters, for detailed studies with high resolution, to thousands of squared meters for exploration that can reach down to hundreds of meters in depth (for Airborne EM Techniques) for the search of targets of a larger size. Electromagnetic Methods in Geophysics: Theory and Applications provides a general introduction to the electromagnetic methods in several application fields. Physical and mathematical principles and fields of applications are well-explained, and the field acquisition procedures, data processing and interpretation, are illustrated to guarantee the best understanding of the results, on a layman perspective. Volume highlights include: - Detailed fundamentals of the theory behind each of the electromagnetic techniques in engineering geophysics, and the practical details of real case studies, highlighting possible benefit and actual results - Discusses practical and logistics aspect linked to project optimization, and practical valuable details including survey planning and logistics connected to the shipping of instrumentations worldwide - Illustrates many actual case studies from small to large scale, in concrete scanning, utility mapping, archaeology, geotechnical study, ore search- Involves technically feasible, and economically valuable projects, that require the optimization of cost associated to planning and execution of a survey - Introduction of new suggestions for better data acquisition, processing and interpretation - Illustrates examples of applications from shallow, sub-centimeters resolution cases to deep, large scale study - Useful guide for all those who approach these methods for the first time since the volume widely demonstrates that there is no need for extensive math skills for a general understanding of electromagnetic methods - Assesses the scope and importance of the advanced techniques of analysis without entering into the details of their implementation - Proposes examples from unpublished case historyies in which electromagnetic methods are applied in several fields such as archaeology, engineering, environmental, geotechnical, monumental heritage diagnosis, etc. - Electromagnetic methods potential are manifold for e.g., they aid the location and recovery of archaeological structures, as they can, non-invasively, very rapidly survey extensive areas, and through the use of these examples, it is understood how to design and perform an electromagnetic survey for a specific purpose - Most innovative data acquisition and processing systems are described that enable rapid reconnaissance of the surface sub-levels of the earth, even over areas of considerable extension, yielding highly detailed evidence, even in very challenging cases - Serves useful as a reference volume for students in geophysics, architecture, engineering, archaeology, etc. and as practical guidebook for professionals, with potential readers wide and diversified from academic to industry professionals and government agencies
Explore the foundational and advanced subjects associated with proportional-integral-derivative controllers from leading authors in the field In PID Passivity-Based Control of Nonlinear Systems with Applications, expert researchers and authors Drs. Romeo Ortega, Jose Guadalupe Romero, Pablo Borja, and Alejandro Donaire deliver a comprehensive and detailed discussion of the most crucial and relevant concepts in the analysis and design of proportional-integral-derivative controllers using passivity techniques. The accomplished authors present a formal treatment of the recent research in the area and offer readers practical applications of the developed methods to physical systems, including electrical, mechanical, electromechanical, power electronics, and process control. The book offers the material with minimal mathematical background, making it relevant to a wide audience. Familiarity with the theoretical tools reported in the control systems literature is not necessary to understand the concepts contained within. You'll learn about a wide range of concepts, including disturbance rejection via PID control, PID control of mechanical systems, and Lyapunov stability of PID controllers. Readers will also benefit from the inclusion of: A thorough introduction to a class of physical systems described in the port-Hamiltonian form and a presentation of the systematic procedures to design PID-PBC for them An exploration of the applications to electrical, electromechanical, and process control systems of Lyapunov stability of PID controllers Practical discussions of the regulation and tracking of bilinear systems via PID control and their application to power electronics and thermal process control A concise treatment of the characterization of passive outputs, incremental models, and Port Hamiltonian and Euler-Lagrange systems Perfect for senior undergraduate and graduate students studying control systems, PID Passivity-Based Control will also earn a place in the libraries of engineers who practice in this area and seek a one-stop and fully updated reference on the subject.
Get a running start to learning C# programming with this fun and easy-to-read guide As one of the most versatile and powerful programming languages around, you might think C# would be an intimidating language to learn. It doesn't have to be! In Beginning C# and .NET: 2021 Edition, expert Microsoft programmer and engineer Benjamin Perkins and program manager Jon D. Reid walk you through the precise, step-by-step directions you'll need to follow to become fluent in the C# language and .NET. Using the proven WROX method, you'll discover how to understand and write simple expressions and functions, debug programs, work with classes and class members, work with Windows forms, program for the web, and access data. You'll even learn about some of the new features included in the latest releases of C# and .NET, including data consumption, code simplification, and performance. The book also offers: Detailed discussions of programming basics, like variables, flow control, and object-oriented programming that assume no previous programming experience "Try it Out" sections to help you write useful programming code using the steps you've learned in the book Downloadable code examples from wrox.com Perfect for beginning-level programmers who are completely new to C#, Beginning C# and .NET: 2021 Edition is a must-have resource for anyone interested in learning programming and looking for a fun and intuitive place to start.
This thoroughly revised Thirteenth Edition of Burket's Oral Medicine reflects the scope of modern Oral Medicine with updated content written by 80 contributing oral medicine and medical experts from across the globe. The text emphasizes the diagnosis and management of diseases of the mouth and maxillofacial region as well as safe dental management for patients with complex medical disorders such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, infectious diseases, bleeding disorders, renal diseases, and many more. In addition to comprehensively expanded chapters on oral mucosal diseases, including those on ulcers, blisters, red, white and pigmented lesions, readers will also find detailed discussions on: orofacial pain, temporomandibular disorders, headache and salivary gland disease; oral and oropharyngeal cancers, including the management of oral complications of cancer therapy; genetics, laboratory medicine and transplantation medicine; pediatric and geriatric oral medicine; psychiatry and psychology; clinical research; and interpreting the biomedical literature The Thirteenth Edition of Burket's Oral Medicine is an authoritative reference valuable to students, residents, oral medicine specialists, teachers, and researchers as well as dental and medical specialists.
Discover the foundations and main applications of telecommunications to smart grids In Smart Grid Telecommunications, renowned researchers and authors Drs. Alberto Sendin, Javier Matanza, and Ramon Ferrus deliver a focused treatment of the fundamentals and main applications of telecommunication technologies in smart grids. Aimed at engineers and professionals who work with power systems, the book explains what smart grids are and where telecommunications are needed to solve their various challenges. Power engineers will benefit from explanations of the main concepts of telecommunications and how they are applied to the different domains of a smart grid. Telecommunication engineers will gain an understanding of smart grid applications and services, and will learn from the explanations of how telecommunications need to be adapted to work with them. The authors aim to offer a simplified vision of smart grids with rigorous coverage of the latest advances in the field, while avoiding some of the technical complexities that can hinder understanding in this area. The book offers: Discussions of why telecommunications are necessary in smart grids and the various telecommunication services and systems relevant for them An exploration of foundational telecommunication concepts ranging from system-level aspects, such as network topologies, multi-layer architectures and protocol stacks, to communications channel transmission- and reception-level aspects covering modulations, bandwidth, multiple access, signal to noise ratio, interference, transmission media impairments, and more Examinations of telecommunication-related smart grids services and systems, including SCADA, protection and teleprotection, smart metering, substation and distribution automation, synchrophasors, Distributed Energy Resources, electric vehicles, microgrids, etc. A treatment of wireline and wireless telecommunication technologies, like DWDM, Ethernet, IP, MPLS, PONs, PLC, BPL, 3GPP cellular 4G and 5G technologies, Zigbee, Wi-SUN, LoRaWAN, Sigfox, etc., addressing their architectures, characteristics, and limitations Ideal for engineers working in power systems or telecommunications as network architects, operations managers, planners, or in regulation-related activities, Smart Grid Telecommunications is also an invaluable resource for telecommunication network and Smart Grid architects.
The fifth edition of this book provides a coherent, comprehensive examination and explanation of construction research. It pursues a processual approach and addresses both theoretical/philosophical considerations as well as practical applications - to academic activities and to industry and practice. A pervading theme amongst editors of research journals is the lack of research rigour commonly encountered in construction research papers submitted for consideration. The express aim of this book, like its previous editions, is to emphasise what rigour in construction research means and to enable its achievement to render any research valid and reliable. The new edition has undergone a significant restructuring to enhance the logical flow based around the development of a research cascade which leads from the question, through a range of research activities to produce results and conclusions. Significant new or enhanced material includes additional attention given to axiology, determinism and stochasticism, along with particular attention throughout to ethics, data protection and access, new material on theory borrowing, sensemaking and directionally motivated reasoning, along with additional models and details pertaining to translation.
Emergency Medical Services: Clinical Practice and Systems Oversight is the official textbook of the National Association of EMS Physicians (TM) (NAEMSP (TM)) National EMS Medical Directors Course and Practicum (TM). Now paired with a companion website featuring self-assessment exercises, audio and video clips of EMS best practices in action, and more, this essential study aid guides students through the core knowledge they need to successfully complete their training and begin their careers as EMS physicians. Emergency Medical Services: Clinical Practice and Systems Oversight consists of: Volume 1: Clinical Aspects of EMS Volume 2: Medical Oversight of EMS Companion website featuring supportive self-assessment exercises, audio and video clips
In the comprehensively revised Third Edition of Molecular Mechanisms of Photosynthesis, distinguished researcher and professor Robert E. Blankenship delivers a brand-new update to the most authoritative textbook on the subject of photosynthesis. In addition to thorough coverage of foundational topics in photosynthesis, the book discusses cutting-edge advances in research in this area, including new structures and new information about the mechanism of oxygen production. Perfect for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in biochemistry and biophysics, Molecular Mechanisms of Photosynthesis will also earn a place in the libraries of students studying plant biology and seeking a one-stop resource in the field of molecular photosynthesis.
Explore a comprehensive pictorial guide to the retreatment of root canals and failed endodontic cases with step-by-step advice on retreatment management Clinical Atlas of Retreatment in Endodontics delivers an image-based reference to the management of failed root canal cases. It provides evidence-based strategies and detailed clinical explanations to manage and retreat previous endodontically failed cases. It contains concrete evidence-based and practical techniques accompanied by full-colour, self-explanatory clinical photographs taking the reader through a journey of successful management of the failed clinical cases. Using a variety of clinical cases, the book demonstrates why and how endodontic failures occur, how to prevent them, and how to manage them in clinical practice. It also emphasises on evaluating the restorability and prognosis of the tooth in order to make a proper case selection for providing retreatment. This book also discusses the various factors that can help the clinician to make a case for nonsurgical or surgical retreatment. Readers will benefit from the inclusion of clinical cases that provide: A thorough introduction to perforation repair, with a clinical case that includes the repair of pulpal floor perforation caused due to excessive cutting of the floor of the pulp chamber An explanation of various factors for instrument separation, supported with a case that includes the removal of a fractured instrument Practical discussions of instrument retrieval, with a case that includes a fractured instrument at the apical third of mandibular molar A step wise pictorial description for guided root canal therapy Selective root canal treatment as a treatment option for retreatment of failed endodontic cases A detailed clinical description for how to explore and modify the endodontic access cavity for locating extra/missed canals Perfect for endodontists, endodontic residents, and general dentists, Clinical Atlas of Retreatment in Endodontics is also useful for undergraduate dental students and private practitioners who wish to improve their understanding of endodontic retreatment and are looking for a one-stop reference on the subject.